Environmental Liability - Law, Policy and Practice - Volume 26 - Issue 3
Polluter pays principle under Nigerian Environmental Law
OLAYINKA OLUWAMUYIWA OJO
Associate Professor, Jindal Global Law School, O. P. Jindal University Sonipat, India
“If anyone intentionally spoils the water of another ... let him not only pay damages but purify the stream or cistern which contains the water…”.Pollution has been with humans since the commencement of physical and economic activities, but the surge in pollution we are currently experiencing started duringthe 1900’s industrialisation. The release of chemicals mainly from the burning of fossil fuel, emission of biocidal products, and hazardous substances has resulted in this massive pollution. To address this cataclysm, the Polluter Pays Principle was adopted which generally imposes liability of preventing and controlling pollution on the originator (the polluter). This principle imposes responsibility on polluters to bear the costs of managing pollution, compensate victims, and be responsible for eventual environmental damage. Several countries have adopted this principle as part of their environmental principle, including Nigeria. This article will critically look into the polluter pays principle in Nigeria.
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